The Somali Congress of Trade Unions (SOCOTU) is deeply concerned about the impending flood situation predicted to occur in the coming months, which is estimated to affect more than 9 million people in Somalia. This report aims to assess the potential impact of the predicted El Niño floods on workers and the general population in Somalia and propose a response plan to mitigate the effects of this natural disaster.
2. Situation Analysis
The Deyr rainy season (October-December) is vital for Somalia as it contributes significantly to annual rainfall, benefiting water-dependent sectors. However, there is an increasing probability of El Niño forming in 2023, which could lead to excess rains and floods during the Deyr season. This prediction has over a 90% certainty, necessitating preparedness and early action.
2.1 Impact on Workers
Workers across various sectors in Somalia are at risk of being significantly affected by the impending floods:
– Loss of Livelihood: Floods can disrupt economic activities, leading to loss of income and livelihoods for workers in agriculture, commerce, and other sectors.
– Health Risks: Workers in flood-prone areas may face health risks due to waterborne diseases, contamination of water sources, and limited access to healthcare services.
– Displacement: Flooding may force workers and their families to relocate, causing displacement and housing issues.
-Infrastructure Damage: Infrastructure damage can hinder transportation and access to workplaces.
2.2 Impact on the General Population
The general population in Somalia faces similar risks and challenges, including:
– Loss of Lives: There is a risk of loss of life due to floods, especially in areas along the Juba and Shabelle rivers.
– Property Damage: Homes, livestock, and property may be damaged or destroyed.
-Displacement: Communities may be displaced, leading to overcrowded and inadequate living conditions.
– WASH Services: Access to clean water and sanitation facilities may be compromised, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases.
– Response Strategy
To address the potential impact of El Niño floods on workers and the Somali people, a comprehensive response strategy is needed.
3.1 Preparedness Measures
Hygiene Supplies Pre-positioning:
Pre-position hygiene supplies for approximately 814,693 people for three months in regional supply hubs.
Readiness Capacity Mapping:
Assess WASH partners’ response readiness capacity before the rainy seasons.
Rapid WASH Assessment:
Conduct rapid technical assessments to identify critical needs.
3.2 Immediate Response
Emergency Latrines and Safe Water: Construct emergency latrines and provide safe water through water trucking and installation of systems.
Hygiene Item Distribution: Distribute essential hygiene items to affected populations.
Hygiene Promotion: Conduct hygiene promotion and messaging campaigns.
Solid Waste Management: Address solid waste management to maintain hygiene.
3.3 Recovery and Resilience
Sustainable Water Provision: Work towards sustainable water provision through network construction and rehabilitation.
Hygiene Kits Distribution: Continue distributing hygiene kits through in-kind and voucher-based systems.
Community Engagement: Involve communities in decision-making and resilience-building efforts.
Challenges and Funding
Challenges include access constraints, logistical issues, and underfunding. Adequate funding is crucial to support response efforts. As of August 22, 2023, only 23% of the requested $259 million for humanitarian assistance in Somalia has been funded.
The predicted El Niño floods pose a significant threat to both workers and the Somali population. To effectively mitigate the impact, it is essential to implement preparedness, response, and recovery measures while ensuring adequate funding and coordination among humanitarian partners. SOCOTU, alongside other stakeholders, should actively engage in supporting and advocating for the welfare of workers during this crisis.
Data source: WASH Cluster, UNOCHA, NOAA & FAO